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A Muslims Reflection on Hawking and the Likes…

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله

As a student of Astrophysics, I have always found myself plunging into studying the cosmos. Lately I have also started reading about particle physics. In short I can describe my experience as breath-taking! I am stunned by the creation of Almighty.

At the same time, I always wonder, why the likes of smart people, highly intelligent, like Hawking (Theorotical Physicist – highly known for his work on Black Holes and Hawking Radiation, who died today), Ed Witten (proposer of M-theory) etc. did/do not receive guidance to believe in a Superme Creator..

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(Hawking has produced some amazing research on Black Holes. Hawking Radiation describes the process on how a black hole slowly evaporates and loses its existence)

I found my answer in the Nobel Qur’an, where Allaah عز وجل says,

وَعَادًا وَثَمُودَ وَقَدْ تَبَيَّنَ لَكُمْ مِنْ مَسَاكِنِهِمْ ۖ وَزَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ أَعْمَالَهُمْ فَصَدَّهُمْ عَنِ السَّبِيلِ وَكَانُوا مُسْتَبْصِرِينَ

“And ‘Ad and Thamud (people)! And indeed (their destruction) is clearly apparent to you from their (ruined) dwellings. Shaitan (Satan) made their deeds fair-seeming to them, and turned them away from the (Right) Path, though they were intelligent.”

-Sura Al-Ankabut, Ayah 38

For anyone who knows the history of the people of ‘Ad and Thamud, it becomes apparent that they were highly intelligent, strongly built, carved homes in sand hills – a feat which requires planned engineering (refer Tasfir ibn Kathir). This becomes explicit in the ayah,

أَوَلَمْ يَسِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَيَنْظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِهِمْ ۚ كَانُوا أَشَدَّ مِنْهُمْ قُوَّةً وَأَثَارُوا الْأَرْضَ وَعَمَرُوهَا أَكْثَرَ مِمَّا عَمَرُوهَا وَجَاءَتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ۖ فَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَظْلِمَهُمْ وَلَٰكِنْ كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ

“Do they not travel in the land, and see what was the end of those before them? They were superior to them in strength, and they tilled the earth and populated it in greater numbers than these (pagans) have done, and there came to them their Messengers with clear proofs. Surely, Allah wronged them not, but they used to wrong themselves.”

-Sura Ar-Rum, Ayah 9

Going back the former ayah in Surah al-Ankabut, Allaah عز وجل uses the word مُسْتَبْصِرِينَ to describe the people of ‘Ad and Thamud – that means they were given baseerah – they were a people with deep insights. That’s why, Dr. Muhsin Khan and Taqi ud Deen al-Hilali (May Allaah have mercy upon both of them) interpreted the word مُسْتَبْصِرِينَ as ‘they (people of ‘Ad and Thamud) were intelligent’.

So it becomes explicit now, people with high intelligence doesn’t necessarily mean they’ll be guided. Why aren’t they guided then?

Dr. Muhsin Khan and Taqi ud Deen al-Hilali mentioned the five reasons why people fall into major disbelief in the appendix of their interpretation of the Noble Qur’an,

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(To understand what a true Muslim believes and what are the six articles of faith, please download the concise thirteen page book here – Belief of a Muslim)

So basically, it is one of the reasons above, the well known scientists today persist in their disbelief and hence lack guidance towards the ultimate truth.

I’d like to conclude this article by including another ayah from the Noble Qur’an and سبحان الله , this from Surah al-Ankabut again,

Allaah عز وجل says,

وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا ۚ وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَمَعَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

“As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), We will surely guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allah’s Religion – Islamic Monotheism). And verily, Allah is with the Muhsinun (good doers).”

-Sura Al-Ankabut, Ayah 69

May Allaah عز وجل guide all those who sincerely strive to seek the truth.

– Compiled by Sarfarāz ibn Shuja

 

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The Story of the Truthful

And [He also forgave] the three who were left behind [and regretted their error] to the point that the earth closed in on them in spite of its vastness and their souls confined them and they were certain that there is no refuge from Allah except in Him. Then He turned to them so they could repent. Indeed, Allah is the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful.

O you who have believed, fear Allah and be with those who are true.

[Surat At-Tawbah: Ayahs 118-119]

Ka`b bin Malik RadhiAllahuAnhu had become blind. His son Abdullah used to guide him and attend to his needs. Ka`b bin Malik RadhiAllahuAnhu narrated a story to his son, looking back into the past during the time of great battles he had spent alongside the Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam. This story is especially a particular battle called ‘the battle of Tabuk’ which he did not join. What happened when the Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam found out that he had not joined the battle? Let us read the story of Ka’b bin Malik RadhiAllahuAnhu that is noted down in the famous explanation of the quran Tafseer Ibn Katheer:

Ka`b bin Malik narrates,

“I did not remain behind Allah’s Messenger in any battle that he fought except the battle of Tabuk. I failed to take part in the battle of Badr, but Allah did not admonish anyone who did not participate in it, for in fact, Allah’s Messenger had gone out in search of the caravan of Quraysh, until Allah made the Muslims and their enemies meet without any appointment. I witnessed the night of Al-`Aqabah pledge with Allah’s Messenger when we pledged for Islam, and I would not exchange it for the Badr Battle, even though the Badr Battle is more popular among the people than the `Aqabah pledge.
As for my news of this battle of Tabuk, I was never stronger or wealthier than I was when I remained behind Allah’s Messenger in that battle. By Allah, never had I two she-camels before, but I did at the time of that battle. Whenever Allah’s Messenger wanted to go to a battle, he used to hide his intention by referring to different battles, until it was the time of that battle (of Tabuk) which Allah’s Messenger fought in intense heat, facing a long journey, the desert, and the great number of enemy soldiers. So the Prophet clearly announced the destination to the Muslims, so that they could prepare for their battle, and he told them about his intent. Allah’s Messenger was accompanied by such a large number of Muslims that they could not be listed in a book by name, nor registered.”

Ka`b added, “Any man who intended not to attend the battle would think that the matter would remain hidden, unless Allah revealed it through divine revelation. Allah’s Messenger fought that battle at a time when the fruits had ripened and the shade was pleasant, and I found myself inclined towards that. Allah’s Messenger and his Companions prepared for the battle and I started to go out in order to get myself ready along with them, but I returned without doing anything. I would say to myself, `I can do that if I want.’ So I kept on delaying it every now and then until the people were prepared, and Allah’s Messenger , and the Muslims along with him, departed. But I had not prepared anything for my departure. I said, `I will prepare myself (for departure) one or two days after him, and then join them.’ In the morning following their departure, I went out to get myself ready but returned having done nothing. Then again, the next morning, I went out to get ready but returned without doing anything. Such was the case with me until they hurried away and I missed the battle. Even then I intended to depart to catch up to them. I wish I had done so! But such was not the case. So, after the departure of Allah’s Messenger , whenever I went out and walked among the people (who remained behind), it grieved me that I could see none around me, but one accused of hypocrisy or one of those weak men whom Allah had excused. Allah’s Messenger did not remember me until he reached Tabuk. So while he was sitting among the people in Tabuk, he said,

“What did Ka`b bin Malik do?”

A man from Banu Salimah said, “O Allah’s Messenger! He has been stopped by his two Burdah (garments) and looking at his own flanks with pride.”

Mu`adh bin Jabal said, “What a bad thing you have said! By Allah! O Allah’s Messenger! We know nothing about him but that which is good.”

Allah’s Messenger kept silent.”

Ka`b bin Malik added, “When I heard that Allah’s Messenger was on his way back to Al-Madinah, I was overcome by concern and began to think of false excuses. I said to myself, `How can I escape from his anger tomorrow’ I started looking for advice from wise members of my family in this matter. When it was said that Allah’s Messenger had approached (Al-Madinah) all evil and false excuses abandoned my mind and I knew well that I could never come out of this problem by forging a false statement. Then I decided firmly to speak the truth.

Let us pause for a moment here and reflect. Remember, the sahabah were also human beings who could make mistakes now and then. He, Ka’b bin Malik Radhi Allahu Anhu, could have chose to lie, but he didn’t. He decided not to resort to false excuses and lies in this pressurizing situation. He was determined to speak the truth. What happened next? Ka’b bin Malik continues to narrate:

“Allah’s Messenger arrived in the morning, and whenever he returned from a journey, he used to visit the Masjid first, and offer a two Rak`ah prayer, then sit for the people. So when he had done all that (this time), those who failed to join the battle came and started offering (false) excuses and taking oaths before him. They were over eighty men. Allah’s Messenger accepted the excuses they expressed outwardly, asked for Allah’s forgiveness for them and left the secrets of their hearts for Allah to judge. Then I came to him, and when I greeted him, he smiled a smile of an angry person and then said,

“Come.”

I came walking until I sat before him. He said to me,

“What stopped you from joining us? Had you not purchased an animal for carrying you?”

I answered,

“Yes, O Allah’s Messenger! By Allah, if I were sitting before any person from among the people of the world other than you, I would have escaped from his anger with an excuse. By Allah, I have been bestowed with the power of speaking fluently and eloquently, but by Allah, I knew well that if I tell you a lie today to seek your favor, Allah would surely make you angry with me in the near future. But if I tell you the truth, though you will get angry because of it, I hope for Allah’s forgiveness. By Allah, I had never been stronger or wealthier than I was when I remained behind you.”

SubhanAllah! The sahabah could have said anything at that moment to get away. But pay attention to what the Sahabah said. He said, “I knew well that if I tell you a lie today to seek your favor, Allah would surely make you angry with me in the near future. But if I tell you the truth, though you will get angry because of it, I hope for Allah’s forgiveness.” Look at how the sahabah is fearing Allah in this situation knowing that Allah is all aware of his actions, his speech and what is in his heart. The sahabah knows that although he may escape the Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam in the short term with a forged lie, he will never be able to escape Allah in the long term. This is a lesson we need to learn. We should know that if we lie, we may escape a certain situation in that small moment of time, but what about the anger and punishment of Allah that may follow in the future because of this? What if we choose instead to speak the truth fearing Allah, knowing that Allah is seeing our actions and knows everything, then Allah is surely be with those who are truthful. So hearing the sahabah, what did the Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam say?  Ka’b bin Malik continues:

Allah’s Messenger said,

“As regards to this man, he has surely told the truth. So get up until Allah decides your case.”

I got up, and many men of Banu Salimah followed me and said to me, `By Allah, we never witnessed you commit any sin before this! Surely, you failed to offer an excuse to Allah’s Messenger like the others who did not join him. The invocation of Allah’s Messenger to Allah to forgive you would have been sufficient for your sin.’ By Allah, they continued blaming me so much that I intended to return (to the Prophet ) and accuse myself of having told a lie, but I said to them, `Is there anybody else who has met the same end as I have’ They replied, `Yes, there are two men who have said the same thing as you have, and to both of them was given the same order as given to you.’ I said, `Who are they’ They replied, `Murarah bin Ar-Rabi` Al-`Amiri and Hilal bin Umayyah Al-Waqifi.’ They mentioned to me two pious men who had attended the battle of Badr and in whom there was an example for me. So I did not change my mind when they mentioned them to me.

A lesson to learn here is how the good deed of the two sahabah Murarah bin Ar-Rabi` Al-`Amiri and Hilal bin Umayyah Al-Waqifi RadhiAllahuAnhu inspired Ka’ab bin Malik to stand firm on the truth. We see how a good deed can inspire someone else to do a good deed too. What happened to the three sahabah who stood firm on truth? Ka’ab bin Malik RadhiAllahu Anhu explains:

Allah’s Messenger forbade all the Muslims from talking to us, the three aforesaid persons, out of all those who remained behind for that battle. So we kept away from the people and they changed their attitude towards us until the very land (where I lived) appeared strange to me as if I did not know it. We remained in that condition for fifty nights. As for my two companions, they remained in their houses and kept on weeping, but I was the youngest and the firmest of them. So I would go out and attend the prayer along with the Muslims and roam the markets, but none would talk to me. I would come to Allah’s Messenger and greet him while he was sitting in his gathering after the prayer, and I would wonder whether he even moved his lips in return of my greeting or not. Then I would offer my prayer near him and look at him carefully.

When I was busy with my prayer, he would turn his face towards me, but when I turned my face to him, he would turn his face away from me. When this harsh attitude and boycott of the people continued for a long time, I walked until I scaled the wall of the garden of Abu Qatadah who was my cousin and the dearest person to me. I offered my greeting to him. By Allah, he did not return my greetings. I said, `O Abu Qatadah! I beseech you by Allah! Do you know that I love Allah and His Messenger’ He kept quiet. I asked him again, beseeching him by Allah, but he remained silent. I asked him again in the Name of Allah and he said, `Allah and His Messenger know better.’ Thereupon my eyes flowed with tears and I returned and jumped over the wall.

While I was walking in the market of Al-Madinah, suddenly I saw that a Nabatean from Ash-Sham came to sell his grains in Al-Madinah, saying, `Who will lead me to Ka`b bin Malik’ The people began to point (me) out for him, until he came to me and handed me a letter from the king of Ghassan (who ruled Syria for Caesar), for I knew how to read and write. In that letter, the following was written: `To proceed, I have been informed that your friend (the Prophet) has treated you harshly. Anyhow, Allah does not make you live in a place where you feel inferior and your right is lost. So, join us, and we will console you.’ When I read it, I said to myself, `This is also a sort of test.’ I took the letter to the oven and made a fire burning it.

So we see how Allah tested these sahabah who chose to stand firm on the truth. The lesson we take here is that we may face tests from Allah. Allah may test us to see if we stand resilient and firm. Did the tests come to an end for the sahabah or were there more to come? Let’s see: 

When forty out of the fifty nights elapsed, behold! There came to me a messenger of Allah’s Messenger saying `Allah’s Messenger orders you to keep away from your wife.’ I said, `Should I divorce her; or else what should I do’ He said, `No, only keep aloof from her and do not mingle with her.’ The Prophet sent the same message to my two fellows. I said to my wife, `Go to your parents and remain with them until Allah gives His verdict in this matter.”’

Ka`b added, “The wife of Hilal bin Umayyah came to Allah’s Messenger and said,

“O Allah’s Messenger! Hilal bin Umayyah is a helpless old man who has no servant to attend on him. Do you dislike that I should serve him?”

He Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

“No you can serve him, but he should not come near you sexually.”

She said, “By Allah! He has no desire for anything. By Allah, he has never ceased weeping since his case began until this day of his.”

On that, some of my family members said to me,  “Will you also ask Allah’s Messenger to permit your wife (to serve you) as he has permitted the wife of Hilal bin Umayyah to serve him.”

I said, “By Allah, I will not ask permission of Allah’s Messenger regarding her, for I do not know what Allah’s Messenger would say if I asked him to permit her to serve me while I am a young man.”

We remained in that state for ten more nights, until the period of fifty nights was completed, starting from the time when Allah’s Messenger prohibited the people from talking to us. When I had finished the Fajr prayer on the fiftieth morning on the roof of one of our houses, while sitting in the condition in which Allah described (in the Qur’an): my very soul seemed straitened to me and even the earth seemed narrow to me for all its spaciousness. There I heard the voice of a man who had ascended the mountain of Sal` calling with his loudest voice, `O Ka`b bin Malik! Be happy (by receiving good tidings).’ I fell down in prostration before Allah, realizing that relief has come with His forgiveness for us.

The sahabah immediately turned to Allah with praise and shukr (thanks). 

Allah’s Messenger announced the acceptance of our repentance by Allah after Fajr prayer. The people went out to congratulate us. Some bearers of good news went to my two companions, a horseman came to me in haste, while a man from Banu Aslam came running and ascended the mountain and his voice was swifter than the horse. When the man whose voice I had heard, came to me conveying the good news, I took off my garments and dressed him with them; and by Allah, I owned no other than them on that day. Then I borrowed two garments, wore them and went to Allah’s Messenger . The people started receiving me in batches, congratulating me on Allah’s acceptance of my repentance, saying, `We congratulate you on Allah’s acceptance of your repentance.”’ Ka`b further said, “When I entered the Masjid, I saw Allah’s Messenger sitting in the Masjid with the people around him. Talhah bin `Ubaydullah swiftly came to me, shook my hands and congratulated me. By Allah, none of the Muhajirun got up for me except Talhah; I will never forget Talhah for this.” Ka`b added, “When I greeted Allah’s Messenger , his face was bright with joy. He said,

“Be happy with the best day you have ever seen since your mother gave birth to you.”

I said to the Prophet, “Is this forgiveness from you or from Allah.”

He said, “No, it is from Allah.”

Whenever Allah’s Messenger became happy, his face would shine as if it was a piece of the moon, and we all knew that characteristic of him. When I sat before him, I said, “O Allah’s Messenger! Because of the acceptance of my repentance I will give up all my wealth as alms for the sake of Allah and His Messenger.”

Allah’s Messenger said, “Keep some of your wealth, as it will be better for you.”

I said, “So I will keep my share from Khaybar with me.” I added, “O Allah’s Messenger! Allah has saved me for telling the truth; so it is part of my repentance not to tell but the truth as long as I am alive.”

By Allah, I do not know of any Muslim, whom Allah has helped to tell the truth more than I. Ever since I have mentioned the truth to Allah’s Messenger , I have never intended to tell a lie, until today. I hope that Allah will also save me (from telling lies) the rest of my life. So Allah revealed the Ayah:

Allah has forgiven the Prophet, the Muhajirin and the Ansar who followed him in the time of distress, after the hearts of a party of them had nearly deviated, but He accepted their repentance. Certainly, He is unto them full of kindness, Most Merciful. And the three who stayed behind, until for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their souls were straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah, and no refuge but with Him. Then, He forgave them, that they might beg for His pardon. Verily, Allah is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful. O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds). [Surat At Tawbah: Ayahs 118-119]

Ka`b said, “By Allah! Allah has never bestowed upon me, apart from His guiding me to Islam, a greater blessing than the fact that I did not tell a lie to Allah’s Messenger which would have caused me to perish, just as those who had told a lie have perished. Allah described those who told lies with the worst descriptions He ever attributed to anyone. Allah said,

They will swear by Allah to you when you return to them that you would leave them alone. So leave them alone; indeed they are evil; and their refuge is Hell as recompense for what they had been earning. They (the hypocrites) swear to you (Muslims) that you may be pleased with them, but if you are pleased with them, certainly Allah is not pleased with the people who are Al-Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). [Surat At Tawbah: Ayahs 95-96]

Ka`b added, “We, the three persons, differed altogether from those whose excuses Allah’s Messenger accepted when they swore to him. He took their pledge and asked Allah to forgive them, but Allah’s Messenger left our case pending until Allah gave us His judgement about it. As for that Allah said, ‘And (He did forgive also) the three who stayed behind…’ What Allah said does not discuss our failure to take part in the battle, but to the deferment of making a decision by the Prophet about our case, in contrast to the case of those who had taken an oath before him, and he excused them by accepting their excuses.”

The story above is from an authentic Hadith collected in the Two Sahihs (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) and as such, its authenticity is agreed upon. This Hadith contains the explanation of this honorable Ayah in the best, most comprehensive way. Similar explanation was given by several among the Salaf. For instance, Al-A`mash narrated from Abu Sufyan, from Jabir bin `Abdullah about Allah’s statement,
(And (He did forgive also) the three who stayed behind…) “They are Ka`b bin Malik, Hilal bin Umayyah and Murarah bin Ar-Rabi`, all of them from the Ansar.”

Ibn Kathirs (A scholar of Islam) comments on this story:

Allah sent His relief from the distress and grief that struck these three men, because Muslims ignored them for fifty days and nights, until they themselves, and the earth — vast as it is — were straitened for them. As vast as the earth is, its ways and paths were closed for them, and they did not know what action to take. They were patient for Allah’s sake and awaited humbly for His decree. They remained firm, until Allah sent His relief to them since they told the Messenger of Allah the truth about why they remained behind, declaring that they did not have an excuse for doing so. They were requited for this period, then Allah forgave them. Therefore, the consequence of being truthful was better for them, for they gained forgiveness. Hence Allah’s statement next,

O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah, and be with those who are true.

The Ayah says, adhere to and always say the truth so that you become among its people and be saved from destruction. Allah will make a way for you out of your concerns and a refuge.

Imam Ahmad recorded that `Abdullah bin Mas`ud said that the Messenger of Allah said:

“Hold on to truth, for being truthful leads to righteousness, and righteousness leads to Paradise. Verily, a man will keep saying the truth and striving for truth, until he is written before Allah as very truthful (Siddiq).
Beware of lying, for lying leads to sin, and sin leads to the Fire. Verily, the man will keep lying and striving for falsehood until he is written before Allah as a great liar.”

This Hadith is recorded in the two Sahihs.

 

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Primary resource for this article:

How We Love To Talk

I was walking back home from Salah and I happened to see a young child of around the age of seven standing near a shawarma stall. But there was something peculiar about him that puzzled me to the point that I stopped to observe.

This cute little guy, in all the innocence that accompanied his age and pretty well dressed so he couldn’t have been poverty stricken, was pointing at a coffee seller, one of those guys you see walking around with a jug of coffee and some cups. This little child was pointing at the cups he was carrying and then pointing towards his mouth. He did this a couple of times whilst running around the coffee seller. It made me wonder why he wasn’t just asking for coffee since I was sure he could speak, but all that came out of his mouth were sounds like ‘aaaaa –aaaa’ while he kept pointing at the cups and then towards his mouth, back and forth.

That’s when I realized he was dumb, he was severely speech impaired.

At such a young and bubbly age, at an age when people like us learn to read and spell after having learnt the English Alphabet with precision, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala did not facilitate this little guy from a blessing that we take for granted. Allah is the Most Just and He does whatever He Wills.

It made me wonder whether he will ever get his voice back again and enjoy communication that is one of the most powerful bonds between human beings. Did this child ever look into his mother’s eyes to say how much he loves her? (May Allah bless her for her patience wherever she is). I imagined the problems he might be facing at school. Will he ever be able to make dhikr of Allah and read the most blessed book on the planet that is the Quran out loud?

I was pretty sad at thoughts that kept rushing through my sensitive head but then I remembered a something that our Prophet Muhammed Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam said.

Narrated by Sahl bin Sa’d RadhiAllahu Anhu :

Allah’s Messenger Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam said, “Whoever can guarantee (the chastity of) what is between his two jaw-bones and what is between his two legs (i.e. his tongue and his private parts), I guarantee Paradise for him.”

Sahih Al Bukhari

Volume 8, Book 76, Number 481

I thought that this deprivation of his could be a means by which Allah wants to grant him paradise. This could be a mean for him to avoid the accountability we will all hold towards the use of our tongues which hold a very high place of responsibility like the Prophet (PBUH) indicated in the hadith above.

This deprivation of his could save him from all the useless speech, from all the ill talk, from all the gossip, backbiting and use of foul language that is done today without the slightest of worry. He wouldn’t have to be held accountable for any of this and perhaps it could save him form the hell fire and admit him to paradise.

But than what about us who have been given the blessing of speech? Is it really a blessing in today’s time I wonder? Will it really be helpful for us on the day when we will be held responsible for every single word that was uttered through our mouths or through our fingers on the internet or through concealed messages?

I leave you with an Aya from the Quran that we must all carefully reflect upon.

Allah says,

“On the day when their tongues, their hands, and their feet will bear witness against them as to their actions.”

[ Surat An-Nur : Verse 24 ]

And how we love to talk…..

 

Written by Jibran Asif Shareef

 

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Solace

The heart gets weary.

The eyes are teary.

In Allah alone is the solace sought.

The madness is at peak.

The devils sneak.

With Allah alone is the refuge sought.

The world goes haywire.

It calls you a liar.

In Allah alone is the solace sought.

The evil leaps.

The truth leads.

With Allah alone is the refuge sought. 

Tranquility descends.

Mercy transcends.

In Allah alone is the solace sought.

Silence speaks.

Soul weeps.

With Allah alone is the refuge sought. 

The One and only, Allah.

– Written by Zahra bint Zaki

Solace

Social Media – What has it made us?

Let’s start this poem with a simple question
On Facebook and Twitter, what was the last thing you mentioned?

Was it someone’s marriage or your best friend’s birthday?
Or enjoyment with family at a picnic some Sunday?

Whatever the case may be, did you ever try to contemplate?
That our lives were different before these new things were made

Our lives were peaceful and joyous before signing up at social media
Feeling contented with Yahoo Messenger, Google and Wikipedia

Internet was used more for work rather than leisure
Unlike today, wherein it is used by the youth for haraam pleasure

Feeling delight in interacting with opposite gender via chatting
We often forget the fact that Allah is always watching

Be it posting a status update or changing your profile picture
Or updates of sports news where some cricketer hits a sixer

Did you ever try to comprehend upon its philosophy?
“You like mine and I’ll like yours back”, this is usually the mentality

Believe it or not, it’s just a ‘like-comment’ game
At the end of the day, it’s all about gaining fame

The more people like, the more ‘Serotonin*’ is released
Yet the greediness of this son of Aadam is difficult to cease

If you don’t agree with me, do this small exercise
Recall the last time you opened your post to check the no. of likes

I know it’s sad but it’s true about these new inventions
I think this is enough to show the level of our obsession

Now, what’s the solution to this problem talked about?
First and foremost Allah’s aid should be sought

Following that, we need to set our priorities straight
Along with learning to manage time in this case

Remember that each and every second that we are enjoying
We will be questioned about it on the Day of Reckoning

Time once gone, can never be brought back
Even though some may wish for it but it would be too late to realize that

Tick-tock tick-tock, is how the clock runs every second
Yesterday we were born, today we are here & we don’t know whether we will live till the next moment

Till when will you sleep, O slave of your maker!
Open your eyes, wake up, before it’s time to meet your Creator

– Written by Safi Ahmed

*Serotonin: Serotonin is called the happiness hormone. Serotonin regulates the mood, prevents depression and makes us feel happy.

We are living in times wherein most of the people, especially the youth are so obsessed with the usage of social media that it has become almost impossible for us now, to imagine our lives without these applications. Be it Whatsapp, Facebook or Twitter, they seem to have replaced many things in our lives today.

This poem is intended to bring awareness to this problem and help others in trying to limit its usage as much as possible.

Social media - What has it made us

Ramadhan: It is time we change to connect

Ramadhan is around the corner! And we have all waited eagerly for this blessed month. Let’s make this Ramadhan a significant life changer! Let’s make this Ramadhan a way to become better Muslims and oblige by the teachings in this beautiful religion of Islam of which we’ve been heedless of. And as a result,  become closer to Allah, the One who created us. And what better way to connect to Him than prayer?

For us to understand the value of prayers, we first need to understand the purpose of our existence, and most crucially make ourselves know about Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted), for if a person truly knows his Lord, only then will he worship Him in the way that He truly deserves.

We Muslims believe in the worship of one Lord, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) who alone has the right to be worshiped and Mohammed SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam (Peace and blessings be upon him) to be His final Messenger. There are two things that a believer should adhere to –
i)  the book of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) and
ii) the Authentic Sunnah (Actions and sayings of the Prophet Mohammed SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)).
Even the person who does not pray knows this. But what makes him/her careless about the prayer? The problem is lack of knowledge, strong conviction deep inside the heart, realization of the Akhirah (Hereafter) and most significantly love,
fear and hope of the one who created him.

Our religion Islam is built on five pillars –
i)   Shahadah (Testimony of Kalima لا اله الا الله)
ii)  SALAH (5 obligatory prayers)
iii) Zakaah,
iv) Hajj and
v)  Saum (Fasting during Ramadhan)

Among these 5, we have As-Salaat – the Fardh (obligatory prayer). To understand why these five prayers are obligatory, we need to understand why Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) has asked us to pray and  what exactly is an obligatory prayer. Of course we know the technical aspect of it that there are 5 and we have certain set of Raka’as for each Salah, but what do they mainly signify?

Salah is an act of worship. It’s the one-on-one connection of the human creation with the Creator. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala says in the Noble Quran:

“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me. I do not want from them any provision, nor do I want them to feed Me. Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm possessor of strength.” [Quran 51:56-58]

Know that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’la is free of any need, He is self Sufficient; instead we are the ones who need Him and we are in the urgent need to worship Him because He is the one who created us, He is the one who is the controller of our lives, He is the One who is going to reward and punish us according to our worship and deeds.And we have only time to earn His reward till the moment of our death from which there is no escape.

“Death is going to reach you even if you are in the fortified towers.” [Quran 4:78]

When death is inevitable, why not ask Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala to guide us and make us die in a righteous state? Even though we have wronged ourselves all this time, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala has given us a majestic blessing – a chance to repent. SubhanAllah! Repent from what you did in the past, bring a new you and sincerely prepare yourself for the hereafter which is the ultimate abode for every single one of us.

Know that this life is short lived. Everything has to perish, that’s the law, that’s the rule of the Creator, and nobody can possibly deny this. Everybody has to die and return to where they belong.  We belong to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and to only Him we shall return. Doesn’t a person realize that if he were to return to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala then he should meet Him in his righteous state?

Jabir RadhiAllahu Anhu reported:

I heard Allah’s Messenger Sallalahu Alaihi wa Sallam as saying, “Every servant would be raised (in the same very state) in which he dies”

(Reference: Sahih Muslim 2878 a ;In-book reference: Book 53, Hadith 101)

If you die in an act of disobedience to Allah, you will be raised once again in that very state of disobedience after your death. But if you die in an act of obedience to Allah, you will be raised in that state of obedience after your death. Which do you prefer? In which state do you want to meet Allah?

All the enthusiasm that springs up in the heart to fulfill the beautiful act of praying is driven by the awareness that we will meet Allah one day.

Worship Allah by offering Salah as though you are seeing Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala and if you cannot see Him, then know that He definitely is watching you.

Jibreel Alayhis Salam asked the Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam:

“O Allah’s Messenger, What is Ihsan (i.e. perfection or Benevolence)?” The Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam said, “Ihsan is to worship Allah as if you see Him, and if you do not achieve this state of devotion, then Allah sees you.”

Narrated Abu Huraira, Sahih Al Bukhari, Book 65, Hadith 4777

How can a person not pray when he realizes that the very first question to be asked when he meets his Lord will be about Salah and everything else comes next?

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The first thing among their deeds for which the people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be prayer. Our Lord will say to His angels, although He knows best, ‘Look at My slave’s prayer, is it complete or lacking?’ If it is complete, it will be recorded as complete, but if it is lacking, He will say, ‘Look and see whether my slave did any voluntary (naafil) prayers.’ If he had done voluntary prayers, He will say, ‘Complete the obligatory prayers of My slave from his voluntary prayers.’ Then the rest of his deeds will be examined in a similar manner.”

(Narrated by Abu Dawood, 864; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 770).

If we are not praying, then surely there is something wrong with our hearts. The Heart is the leading central feature of a human which has to sincerely submit to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala.

The Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam (Peace and blessings be upon him) said “Indeed there is  a piece of flesh in the body, if it is sound, the entire body is sound, and when it is corrupt, the entire body is corrupt.Truly it is the heart.”

[Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari 52; In-book reference: Book 2, Hadith 45]

Belief, yes; Speech, yes; But Action, NO?  Does that do any justice to our belief?

When the heart believes in the oneness of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala; love, fear and hope are infused in the heart of the slave of Allah.[1] And when this love fear and hope of his Lord rises in the heart – this drives the slave to do something – the slave remembers Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) in his mind, his thoughts and by his speech. The body starts following the heart and bows down to Him in the act of worship of Salah!

The Prophet SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam (Peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will taste the sweetness of faith: The one to whom Allah and His messenger become dearer than anything else; he loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake, and he hates to revert to disbelief after Allah has saved him from it, as he hates to be thrown in fire.”

[Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari 16; In-book reference: Book 2, Hadith 9]

The essence and a sense of comfort that you feel while in the state of sujood (prostration) before Allah is one of the best testimonies for the love of Allah.

The following is an amazingly beautiful prayer made by Ibrahim Alayhis Salaam that signifies the importance of prayer:

“My Lord, make me an establisher of prayer, and [many] from my descendants. Our Lord, and accept my supplication.” [Quran 14:40]

If you haven’t prayed even once in your life, don’t let the Shaitaan deceive you into thinking that Allah will never accept your repentance. The following remarkably touching Ayah of the Noble Quran gives us a lesson that the servant of Allah should not lose hope in the mercy of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted).

Say, “O my servants who have transgressed against themselves [by sinning], do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Indeed, Allah forgives all sins. Indeed, it is He who is the Forgiving, the Merciful. [Quran 39:53]

So repent now and return to connect with Allah 5 times a day.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala says: 

“Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing.” [Quran 29:45]

So when you are praying right, you are saving yourself from wrongdoing. This is one of the reasons why Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) has asked us to pray.

Ask Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) for forgiveness – admit, accept and confess your mistakes to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted). Cry your heart to Allah! For verily only He can understand you and He knows you more than you can possibly imagine. Pray all your pain away unto him. Remember that your heart will never find peace except in the remembrance of Allah as Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala Himself said:

“Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest. ”  [Quran 13:28]

You’ll only land into greater troubles if you don’t pray to Him, you’ll wander blindly in darkness, you’ll lose soberness, you’ll feel constricted when anybody does not feed your ego, your entire life revolves around walloped hopes, your life becomes superficial, you’ll create an impenetrable wall in your heart which cannot allow anything into it. Once this dangerous bug (Not having a sense of praying) gets into you, it infects everything – your heart, your soul, everything.  

And the life of this world is nothing but play and amusement. But far better is the house in the Hereafter for those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious). Will you not then understand?” [Quran 6:32]

Doesn’t a person realize that whatever he has is from his Creator and that he should thank Him?

“Then we forgave you after that so perhaps you would be grateful” [Quran 2:52]

If you turn back to Him, He will make the light shine upon you even if you are in the deepest pit hole of the nastiest sins. Look at what He tells you:

“Indeed what is to come will be better for you than what has gone by.” [Quran 93:4]

“No one besides Allah can rescue a soul from hardship.” [Quran 53:58]

You just need to turn back to Him! His mercy is endless, boundless and that which encompasses everything.

“My punishment – I afflict with it whom I will, but My mercy encompasses all things.” So I will decree it [especially] for those who fear Me and give zakah and those who believe in Our verses -” [Quran 7:156]

Narrated Abu Huraira : Allah’s Apostle SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam (Peace and blessings be upon him) said, “When Allah completed the creation, He wrote in His book which is with Him on His throne, “My MERCY overpowers my anger”

[Bukhari Book#54, Hadith #416]

Never never ever give up on the mercy of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted), He has the power over all things, He is Strong and we are weak. Nothing is difficult for Him, He just has to say it to ‘be’ and it is.

Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, “Be!” and it is! [Quran 36:82]

So ask Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) to guide you, to make you understand the value, spiritual urgency and importance of prayer. Ask Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala to help you increase in knowledge and seek Allah’s protection from a heart that does not fear Him.

There are signs and examples right in front of us. We ask Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala to protect us from blindness. How many times have we seen that people from our family, among relatives or friends or our neighborhood, who lived with us, talked to us, who were healthy and died in front of our eyes? We saw them dead. We saw them at their death bed. We cried and moaned. We realized at that moment that it is Allah to whom we shall return. We learnt to live without them. But then what did we do? We went back to live our lives making ourselves busy with gaining the pleasures of this life while being negligent of our duties to Allah, and then again there came a reminder, a live example of one more death and then another, and another. And then we might be next. Who knows? For the certainty of our time is only and only with Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted).  We certainly have no knowledge of the time of our death, and hence we have to be prepared and ready all the time by praying all the prayers on time.

The time is now to make a transformation in you, the time is right now, even while reading this, if you have missed a prayer or the time for prayer is running out, go pray! Set your priorities right.  Remember that knowledge without practice is culpable. If Salah is important for you, you will definitely make the effort to complete it, for it is in your complete capability to do so.

It is either His way or no way, remember this. He is our ultimate refuge. The more you ask Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala to help you in fulfilling your duties, the more He responds to you.

“And your Lord says, “Call upon Me; I will respond to you.” Indeed, those who disdain My worship will enter Hell [rendered] contemptible.” [Quran 40:60]

This issue also comes to proper parenting; righteous parents push their children towards Salah. Realize the purpose you serve towards yourself and Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted). If you pray five times daily, take along your friend who doesn’t. Humble yourself and reconnect with the one who created you and blessed you with all the provisions in this World. It’s high time we realise and prepare ourselves for the Day when things cannot be undone. It is easy for you to say, “let’s face it on the Day of Judgement.” Seriously? Without a shadow of a doubt you will face it but will you be able to do anything about it at that time?

And once we start praying properly, our fasting will be even more enjoyable. The essence of fasting is not just being hungry; it’s about attaining righteousness and will you be able to achieve this without fulfilling this very important act of worship?

“O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous -” [Quran 2:183]

It should all be only between you and Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted), fasting is only for the sake of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) and He is the only one who values it with reward, the quality of our fast is known only by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted), no one else, and Allah has ordained us to fast, to fast by not missing the obligatory prayers.

Narrated by Abu Huraira RadhiAllahu Anhu:
Allah’s Apostle Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam said, “Allah said, ‘All the deeds of Adam’s sons (people) are for them, except fasting which is for Me, and I will give the reward for it.’(Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 31, Number 128, Agreed upon)

Remember that we get unending rewards during this blessed month, even a small act of worship has its rewards multiplied by several units, [2] SubhanAllah.

Don’t miss this endless reward by making this Ramadhan just a medium to suffice your hunger and thirst at the end of the day and nothing else. While Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) is observing our fasts independently, this being a very great privilege to all of us, talk to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted), talk to him about everything, understand what Surah you are reciting in the Salah, connect with Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted). And the best best feeling, sometimes is that – out of utmost humility in front of Him, you may even cry, but that is the best feeling ever, and we get this chance 5 times a day! SubhanAllah ! Don’t we want to make the most of it? Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) says,

“And when My servants ask you, [O Muhammad], concerning Me – indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me [by obedience] and believe in Me that they may be [rightly] guided.” [Quran 2:186]

 

The obligatory prayer in congregation is better than performed individually by 27 degrees. And in Ramadhan, rewards are multiplied, you cannot imagine how many rewards are waiting to be filled into your account!

Allah’s Messenger Sallalahu Alaihi wa Sallam said, “The prayer in congregation is twenty seven times superior to the prayer offered by a person alone.”

[Reference:  Sahih al-Bukhari 645; In-book reference: Book 10, Hadith 42]

Allah wants to give us, and if we on the other hand fail to offer prayers, what a sad and unfortunate predicament!

The act that makes us differ from the non- Muslims is the Salah.

Jabir bin Abdullah RadhiAllahu Anhu says: I heard the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam saying this: “The difference between a man (Muslim) and kufr is the abandoning of salaah.”

(Sahih Muslim: Kitab ul Iman: Book 001, Number 0147)

What’s gone is gone, the Past is gone forever, you are alive – Ma sha Allah, blessed are you that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) is giving you a chance to repent now and start praying. You CAN repair the damage caused, keep repenting relentlessly and Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) will shower His blessings upon you.

Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) is Al-Ghafoor (The All forgiving) , He is Al-Haleem(The Most Forbearing). He does not haste to punish His servants even if He is capable of doing so.

Ibn al-Qayyim (Rahimahullah)  said in al-Nooniyyah (3278): “He is the Forbearing and does not hasten the punishment for His slave, (granting him respite) so that he may repent from his sin.”

Al-Sa’di said in his Tafseer (19):  “Al-Haleem is the One Who keeps bestowing blessings, both visible and hidden, on His creation, even though they disobey Him and make many mistakes. So He forgives and does not give the sinners the punishment they deserve; He encourages them to repent and gives them time to turn to Him.” [3]

“Allah, may He be exalted, loves those who believe, hence He makes faith dear to them. And He hates those who disbelieve and disobey Him, unless they repent. If Allah helps a person to believe and makes faith dear to his heart, and makes the believers dear to him and makes him dear to them, and he lives and dies following that, then he is one of those whom Allah loves.” – Sheikh Muhammed Saalih Al Munajjid

Allah, may He be exalted, said of the people of faith whom He loves (interpretation of the meaning):

“but Allah has endeared the Faith to you and has beautified it in your hearts, and has made disbelief, wickedness and disobedience (to Allah and His Messenger SallAllahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) hateful to you. These! They are the rightly guided ones” [Quran 49:7]

To sum it up, if a person has the characteristics of obedience to Allah and to His Messenger, then he may be one of those whom Allah loves; if a person persists in disobedience to Allah and His Messenger, then he deserves to incur the hatred and wrath of Allah. [4]

So I conclude by making the following duas for you and myself.

May Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) make us realize the private consciousness and awareness of Him within us, immerse our feelings into piety, and may He guide us to understand that it’s not just about fasting of the mouth (i.e. refraining oneself from eating/drinking) but it’s about fasting of the heart, the limbs, the thoughts etc. and that fasting helps us to attain righteousness and piousness. May we continue praying regularly even after Ramadhan and for the rest of our lives.

And May Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala (Glorified and Exalted) guide us to reflect outside what we believe inwardly. Allahumma Ameen. Summa Ameen.

“My Lord, make me an establisher of prayer, and [many] from my descendants. Our Lord, and accept my supplication.” [Quran 14:40]
“O Lord. Let not our hearts deviate after you have guided us.” [Quran 3:8]

 

Written by Sidra Ali

Ramadhan_ It is time we change to connect

References:

[1] – Worshiping Allah out of love, fear and hope;

http://www.salafipublications.com/sps/sp.cfm?subsecID=IBD01&articleID=IBD010006&articlePages=1

[2] – Good deeds get multiplied in the month of Ramadhan;

https://islamqa.info/en/221733

[3] – Meaning of Al-Haleem;

http://islamqa.info/en/22210

[4] – Allah loves those who are obedient to Him;

http://islamqa.info/en/192976

 

Easy Dhikr

Right from when I was a child the size of my fathers’ legs to the man I have become today by the Grace of Allah, my father has told me, “Son, make the Dhikr (remembrance) of Allah whenever the tongue is free. Do not waste your time.” As a child, I did not have to look into the Quran and Sunnah to obey him. It was only years later that I did look into the matter of Dhikr only to find extraordinary things that blew my mind away and I hope will blow away yours too.

Very often we look for getting the most out of very little, being able to do a lot without much effort. Our own religion allows us to do that and we are unaware of it. If we spend our time, even if it were for a few seconds, in the Dhikr of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, it could help us gain unimaginable bounties as you will see below.

Ibn al-Qayyim Rahimullah (May Allah have mercy upon him) said:

“Dhikr gives a person strength so that he can do with dhikr that which he cannot do without it. I saw wonders in the strength of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah in walking, speech, courage and writing. He used to write in one day what a scribe would write in a week, or more. The troops saw his amazing strength in war.” [Al-Wabil Al-Sayyib (p. 77)]

Above all, dhikr does to the heart what no other form of action can do, it does to the heart what every man yearns for but seeks it in all the wrong places. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala says:

“Verily, in the remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest.”

[Surat Ar-Ra’ad 13: Ayah 28]

 

سُبْحَانَ اللّهِ وَ بِحَمْدِهِ ، سُبْحَانَ اللّهِ الْعَظِيمِ

SubhanAllahi wa Bi Hamdihi, Subhan-Allahil-Azhim

Glory and praise be to Allah, Glory be to Allah the Almighty.

  • [At- Tirmidhi].
    Arabic/English book reference : Book 16, Hadith 1439

    Jabir RadhiyAllahu Anhu (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

    The Prophet Sallallahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam said, “For him who says: ‘Subhan-Allahi wa bi hamdihi’ a palm-tree will be planted in Jannah.”

  • Bukhari :: Book 9 :: Volume 93 :: Hadith 652

    Narrated by Abu Huraira RadhiyAllahu Anhu:

    The Prophet said, “(There are) two words which are dear to the Beneficent (Allah) and very light (easy) for the tongue (to say), but very heavy in weight in the balance. They are: ‘Subhan Allah wa-bi hamdihi’ and ‘Subhan Allah Al-‘Azim.”

  • Bukhari :: Book 8 :: Volume 78 :: Hadith 673

    Narrated by Abu Huraira RadhiyAllahu Anhu:

    Allah’s Apostle said, “(Following are) two words (sentences or utterances that are very easy for the tongue to say, and very heavy in the balance (of reward,) and the most beloved to the Gracious Almighty (And they are): Subhan Allah wa bi-hamdihi; Subhan Allahi-l-‘Azim,”

  • Sahih Bukhari, Volume VIII (8), Chapter 67, Hadith 414

    Narrated by Abu Huraira RadhiyAllahu Anhu:

    Allah’s Apostle (peace and blessings be upon him) said,“Whoever says, ‘Subhan Allah wa bihamdihi,’ one hundred times a day, will be forgiven all his sins even if they were as much as the foam of the sea.”

لا إِلَهََ إِلاَّ الله وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ، لَهُ المُلْكُ وَلَهُ الحَمْدُ وَهُوَعَلَى كُلِّ شَيء ٍ قَدِيْر

La ilaha illallahu wahdahu, la sharika lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu, wahuwa ‘ala kulli shai’n qadeer

There is none worthy of worship except Allah, alone, Who has no partner. For Him is the Dominion and to Him is the praise and He has power over all things.

  • Bukhari :: Book 4 :: Volume 54 :: Hadith 514

    Narrated Abu Huraira RadhiyAllahu Anhu :

    Allah’s Apostle SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said, “If one says one-hundred times in one day: “[the above]”, one will get the reward of manumitting ten slaves, and one-hundred good deeds will be written in his account, and one-hundred bad deeds will be wiped off or erased from his account, and on that day he will be protected from the morning till evening from Satan, and nobody will be superior to him except one who has done more than that which he has done.”

 

  • Sahih al-Bukhari; 7:67, Sahih Muslim; 4:2071.

    Whoever says the above ten times, will have the reward for freeing four slaves from the Children of Isma’il.

Remembering Allah after the 5 Obligatory prayers saying

سُبْحَانَ اللّهِ,الْحَمْدُللّهِ,اللّهُ اَكْبَرُ

SubhanAllah, Alhumdulillah, AllahuAkbar

Glory be to Allah, Praise be to Allah, Allah is the Most Great

  • Bukhari :: Book 1 :: Volume 12 :: Hadith 804

    Narrated Abu Huraira RadhiyAllahu Anhu:

    Some poor people came to the Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam and said, “The wealthy people will get higher grades and will have permanent enjoyment and they pray like us and fast as we do. They have more money by which they perform the Hajj, and ‘Umra; fight and ,struggle in Allah’s Cause and give in charity.” The Prophet said, “Shall I not tell you a thing upon which if you acted you would catch up with those who have surpassed you? Nobody would overtake you and you would be better than the people amongst whom you live except those who would do the same. Say “Sub-han-al-lah”, “Alhamdu-lillah” and “Allahu Akbar” thirty three times each after every (compulsory) prayer.” We differed and some of us said that we should say, “SubhanAllah” thirty three times and “Alhamdulillah” thirty three times and “Allahu Akbar” thirty four times. I went to the Prophet who said, “Say, “Subhan al-lah” and “Alhamdu lillah” and “Allahu Akbar” all together for thirty three times.”

  • Dawud :: Book 8 : Hadith 1499

    Narrated AbuHurayrah RadhiyAllahu Anhu:

    AbuDharr said: Prophet of Allah. The wealthy people have all the rewards; they pray as we pray; they fast as we fast; and they have surplus wealth which they give in charity; but we have no wealth which we may give in charity. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: AbuDharr, should I not teach you phrases by which you acquire the rank of those who excel you? No one can acquire your rank except one who acts like you. He said: Why not, Apostle of Allah? He said: Exalt Allah (say: Allah is Most Great) after each prayer thirty-three times; and praise Him (say: Praise be to Allah) thirty-three times; and glorify Him (say: Glory be to Allah) thirty-three times, and end it by saying, “There is no god but Allah alone, there is no partner, to Him belongs the Kingdom, to Him praise is due and He has power over everything”. His sins will be forgiven, even if they are like the foam of the sea.

     

اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ، اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ، كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَعَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ

Allahumma Salli Ala Muhammadin Wa Ala Ali Muhammadin Kama Sallaita Ala Ibraheema Wa Ala Ali Ibraheema Innaka Hameedum Majeed.
Allahumma Barik Ala Muhammadin Wa Ala Ali Muhammadin Kama Barakta Ala Ibraheema Wa Ala Ali Ibraheema Innaka Hameedum Majeed

O Allah! Send prayer upon Mohammed and upon the family of Mohammed, as You sent prayers upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim.You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory. And send blessings upon Mohammed and upon the family of Mohammed, as You sent blessings upon Ibrahim and the family of Ibrahim; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory.

  • Muslim :: Book 4 : Hadith 808

    Abu Huraira RadhiyAllahu Anhu reported:

    The Messenger of Allah SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: “He who blesses me once, Allah would bless him ten times.”

     

  • (Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood, 1795)

    It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah RadhiyAllahu Anhu that:

    The Messenger of Allaah SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: “There is no one who sends salaams upon me, but Allaah will restore to me my soul so that I may return his salaams.”

  • Narrated by al-Nasaa’i, 1282;
    Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Targheeb, 1664

    It was narrated that ‘Abd-Allah ibn Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

    The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah has angels who go around on earth, conveying to me the salaam of my ummah.”

     

  • Narrated by Abu Dawood, 2042;
    classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 7226.

    It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said:

    The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do not take your houses as graves and do not take my grave as a place of festivity (which you visit repeatedly). Send blessings upon me for your greeting will reach me no matter where you are.”

     

  • Dawud :: Book 3 : Hadith 1042

    Narrated Aws bin Aws RadhiyAllahu Anhu:

    The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: Among the most excellent of your days is Friday ; on it Adam was created, on it he died, on it the last trumpet will be blown, and on it the shout will be made, so invoke more blessings on me that day, for your blessings will be submitted to me. The people asked: Apostle of Allah, how can it be that our blessings will be submitted to you while your body is decayed? He replied: Allah, the Exalted, has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of Prophets.

     

     

Sayyid ul Istighfaar (Best dua for seeking forgiveness)

اَللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّيْ لاَ إِلَـهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، خَلَقْتَنِيْ وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ، وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ، أَعُوْذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ، أَبُوْءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ، وَأَبُوْءُ بِذَنْبِيْ فَاغْفِرْ لِيْ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوْبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ

‘Allahumma anta Rabbi la ilaha illa anta. Khalaqtani wa ana abduka, wa ana ‘ala ahdika wa wa’dika mastata’tu, A’udhu bika min Sharri ma sana’tu. Abu’u Laka bini’matika ‘alaiya, wa Abu’u bidhanbi. Faghfirli, faa innahu la yaghfiru adhdhunuba illa anta.”

O Allah, You are my Lord, there is none worthy of worship but You. You created me and I am your slave. I keep your covenant, and my pledge to you as far as I am able. I seek refuge in You from the evil of what I have done. I acknowledge Your blessings upon me and I admit to my misdeeds. Forgive me for there is none who may forgive sins but You.

  • Bukhari :: Book 8 :: Volume 75 :: Hadith 318

    Narrated Shaddad bin Aus RadhiyAllahu Anhu:

    The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said “The most superior way of asking for forgiveness from Allah is: (The dua mentioned above).”
    The Prophet added. “If somebody recites it during the day with firm faith in it, and dies on the same day before the evening, he will be from the people of Paradise; and if somebody recites it at night with firm faith in it, and dies before the morning, he will be from the people of Paradise.”

 

أَسْتَغْفِرُاللَّهَ

Astaghfirullah

I seek the forgiveness of Allah.

  • Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 6307

    The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: “By Allah, I seek the forgiveness of Allah and I turn to Him in repentance more than seventy times each day.”

  • Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2499; classed as hasan by al-Albaani.

    The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said “Every son of Adam sins, and the best of those who sin are those who repent.”

  • Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 6309

    The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: “When a person repents, Allah rejoices more than one of you who found his camel after he lost it in the desert.”

  • Narrated by Muslim, no. 2759

    The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: “Allah spreads out His Hand at night to accept the repentance of those who did wrong during the day, and He spreads out His Hand during the day to accept the repentance of those who did wrong during the night. (This will continue) until the sun rises from the west.”

  • Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6953; Muslim, 4953

    The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: “If a person commits a sin, then says, ‘O Lord, I have committed a sin so forgive me,’ He (Allah) says, ‘My slave knows that he has a Lord Who may forgive sins or punish for it; I have forgiven My slave…”

  • Narrated by Muslim, 4936

    The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: “If you did not commit sin, Allah would do away with you and bring people who would commit sins then ask Him to forgive them, so He would forgive them.”

  • Tafseer Al-Qurtubi (18/301-302)

    A man once came to al-Hasan al-Basri and complained to him: “The sky does not      shower us with rain.” He replied: “Seek Allah’s forgiveness (i.e. say أستغفر ألله). Then another person came to him and said, “I complain of poverty.” He replied: “Seek Allah’s forgiveness.” Then another person came to him and complained, “My wife is barren; she cannot bear children.” He replied: “Seek Allah’s forgiveness.” The people who were present, said to al-Hasan: “Everytime a person came to you complaining, you instructed them to seek Allah’s forgiveness?” Al-Hasan al-Basri said, “Have you not read the statement of Allah? –
    “Ask forgiveness of your Lord. Truly He is Oft-Forgiving. He will send rain to you in abundance; increase you in wealth and children; grant you gardens and bestow on you rivers.” [Surat Nuh: Ayahs 10-12]

  • [Summarized from Al Jumuah magazine, vol 19, issue 7]

    This story about “Istighfar” is from the life of Imam Ahmed Bin Hanbal, who is considered as a renowned scholar of Islam and a famous theologian.

    During his old age, while Imam Ahmed was travelling he stopped by a town. After the prayers, he wanted to stay for the night in the masjid yard because he didn’t know anyone in the town. Owing to his humility, he hadn’t introduced himself to anyone thinking that if he did, he would be welcomed by many people.

    Failing to recognize Ahmed bin Hanbal, the caretaker of the mosque refused to let him stay in the mosque. As Imam Ahmed was quite old, the caretaker had to drag him out of the mosque. On seeing this, a baker from a nearby place felt pity for this man (Imam Ahmed) and offered to be the host to him for the night. During his stay with the baker, Imam Ahmed observed that the baker would constantly recite Istighfar (seek forgiveness from Allah). Imam Ahmed asked the baker if the constant practice of saying Istighfar had any effect on him. The baker responded by telling Imam Ahmed that Allah had accepted all of his duas (supplications), except one. When he asked him what dua was it that hadn’t been accepted, the baker replied that he had been asking Allah to provide him the privilege to meet the famous scholar Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal.

    On this, Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal said that Allah had not only listened to his dua but had dragged him onto his (the baker’s) doorsteps.

  • Related by at-Tirmidhi (also by Ahmad ibn Hanbal). Its chain of authorities is sound.

    On the authority of Anas (may Allah be pleased with him), who said:

    I heard the Messenger of Allah say: “Allah the Almighty said: ‘O son of Adam, so long as you call upon Me and ask of Me, I shall forgive you for what you have done, and I shall not mind. O son of Adam, were your sins to reach the clouds of the sky and were you then to ask forgiveness of Me, I would forgive you. O son of Adam, were you to come to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and were you then to face Me, ascribing no partner to Me, I would bring you forgiveness nearly as great as it.’

 

أَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ الَّذِي لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْْقَيُّومُ وَ أَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ

Astaghfirullah al-‘Adheemal-ladhi la ilaha illa Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyumu wa atubu ilaiyh

I seek the forgiveness of Allah the Mighty, Whom there is none worthy except Him, the Living, The Eternal, and I repent unto Him.

  • Abu Dawud 2/85, at-Tirmidhi 5/569, Al-Hakim who declared it authentic.
    Adh-Dhahabi agreed with him 1/511.

    Whoever says the above words, Allah will forgive him even if he deserted the army’s ranks.

 

لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ اِلَّا بِاللّهِ

Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa Billaah

There is no strength and no power except with Allah.

  • Sahih al-Bukhari; al-Fath al-Bari 11:213, Sahih Muslim, 2076.

    The Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam said that [the above] is a treasure from the treasures of Paradise.

 

سُبْحَانَ اللّهِ ، والْحَمْدُللّهِ ، وَ لا اِلهَ اِلَّا اللّهُ ، وَ اللّهُ اَكْبَرُ

SubhaanAllah, wal-hamdu Lillah, wa laa ilaaha illAllaah, wallaahu akbar

Glory be to Allah, praise be to Allah, there is no god except Allah, and Allah is Most Great.

  • Narrated by Muslim

    The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said: “When I say [the above],  this is more beloved to me than all that the sun rises upon.”

 

  • [At- Tirmidhi] Book 16, Hadith 1440

    Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

    The Messenger of Allah SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam said, “I met Ibrahim on the Night of Ascension (Al-Asra), and he said to me: “O Muhammad, convey my greetings to your Ummah, and tell them that Jannah has a vast plain of pure soil and sweet water. It is a plain levelled land. The plants grow there by uttering: Subhan-Allah, Al-hamdu lillah, La ilaha illallah and Allahu Akbar.”

 

 

سُبْحـانَ اللهِ وَبِحَمْـدِهِ عَدَدَ خَلْـقِه ، وَرِضـا نَفْسِـه ، وَزِنَـةَ عَـرْشِـه ، وَمِـدادَ كَلِمـاتِـه

 Subhaan Allaahi wa bi hamdihi, ‘adada khalqihi, wa ridaa nafsihi, wazinata ‘arshihi, wa midaada kalimaatihi

Glory and praise be to Allah, as much as the number of His creation, as much as pleases Him, as much as the weight of His Throne and as much as the ink of His words.

  • Muslim 4/2090

    Juwairiyah RadhiyAllahu Anhu reported that one day the Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam, peace be upon him, left her apartment in the morning as she was busy observing her dawn prayer in her place of worship. He came back in the forenoon and she was still sitting there. The Prophet, peace be upon him, said to her, “You have been in the same place since I left you?” She said, “Yes.” Thereupon the Prophet, peace be upon him, said, “I recited four words three times after I left you and if these were to be weighed against what you have recited since morning these would outweigh them, and these words are: [the above].

 

  • Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said:”Saying: [the above] is many times better than merely saying Subhan Allah (Glory be to Allah). What the one who says ‘Subhan Allah wa bi hamdih, ‘adada khalqihi…’ achieves of knowing Allah, exalting Him and glorifying Him, when his dhikr is connected to the huge numbers mentioned, is far greater than what is achieved by the one who merely says Subhan Allah. This is called multiplied dhikr and it is greater glorification and praise than regular dhikr, hence it is better than it.”

 

path6872

Where is Allah?

This is a question that falls into the matters of ‘Aqeedah – which refers to the matters which are known from the Quran and the Prophetic Sunnah, and which the Muslim must believe in his heart, in acknowledgement of the truth of Allah and His Messenger. And because there can be no difference of opinion in the matters of ‘Aqeedah there can only be one answer to this question. And the answer is as follows:

Allah is above His Creation. To be more precise: He is above the seven heavens, above His ‘Arsh (Throne) over which our Lord rose in a manner that befits His Majesty.

Now even though it is a very simple answer that the Sahabah (the companions of the Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam) and a good number of generations after the Sahabah believed in with complete conviction, there is a lot of confusion that exists amongst the Muslims with regards to it in today’s time.
Let’s make it very clear so that by the time you are finished reading this piece, there is not even a shadow of a doubt left in you about where Allah, the All Mighty and Majestic, is.

Here are the 3 views that are popular amongst the Muslims concerning where Allah is:

View number 1:  Allah is everywhere.
View number 2:  Allah is neither inside the world not outside it, neither to the right nor to the left.
View number 3:  Allah is above His Creation, above His ‘Arsh.

Now let’s compare all the views above with 4 things to see which one is correct:

1)         What the Quran and Prophetic Sunnah say.
2)         What the Scholars amongst the Salaf (our righteous predecessors) say.
3)         Common sense.
4)         Man’s innate instinct/natural inclination (Fitrah).

 
1) Let’s start with what the Quran and Prophetic Sunnah say.

The Quran describes the “exaltedness” or “highness” of Allah in different ways.

a) In terms of being high and above, Allah says in the Quran:

“… and He is the Most High, the Most Great.”

[Quran, Surat Al-Baqarah 2:255]

“Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High …”

[Quran, Surat Al-A’laa 87:1]

“And He is the Irresistible, above His slaves …”

[Quran, Surat Al-An’aam 6:18]

“They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.”

[Quran, Surat An-Nahl 16:50]

In the Quran there is also the affirmation that Allah is above the heavens:

Do you feel secure that He, who is above the heaven, will not cause the earth to sink?

[Quran, Surat Al-Mulk 67:16]

Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne…

[Quran, Surat Al-A’raf 7:54]

The Most Beneficent (Allah) Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne.

[Quran, Surat Taha 20:5]

 

b) In terms of things ascending to Him, Allah says in the Quran:

To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it.

[Quran, Surat Faatir 35:10]

The angels and the rooh [Jibreel] ascend to Him.

[Quran, Surat Al-Ma’aarij 70:4]

 

c) In terms of things descending from Him, Allah says in the Quran:

He [Allah] arranges [every] affair from the heavens to the earth.

[Quran, Surat As-Sajdah 32:5]

Indeed, it is We Who have sent down the dhikr [the Quran].

[Quran, Surat Al-Hijr 15:9]

 

Now let’s look into the Prophetic Sunnah:

The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam is reported to have said: “O Our Rabb! You are in the heaven, and we are on the earth…,”

[Hadeeth by Qatadah, declared hasan by Shaykh al-Albaani]

He SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam is also reported to have said: “Our Rabb is Allah Who is in the heaven…”

[Reported by Abu Daawood, Ahmad, and others]

He used to say “Subhana Rabbi al-A’ala (Glory be to my Lord Most High).”

He also used to raise his hands towards the heavens when he made du’a (supplication), as reported in many ahadeeth.

The most astounding hadeeth of all is an example of an approval of the Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam which indicates that Allah is Exalted and High. It is the hadeeth concerning the young slave girl.
Once, the Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam asked a young slave girl: “Where is Allah?” She replied: “Above the heavens.” He asked, “Who am I?” She replied, “The Messenger of Allah.” He SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam then ordered her master, “Grant her freedom, because she is a believer.”

[Reported by Imam Muslim, Abu Dawood, and others]

This young girl was uneducated, as many are, and she was a slave, but she knew that her Lord is above the heavens.

Hence according to the above, View number 3 is the truth.

 

2) Now let’s move onto what the Scholars amongst the Salaf (our righteous predecessors) say.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih Al-’Uthaymeen, a great scholar of Islam who followed the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah, writes the following in his Tafseer (explanation) of Ayat Al-Kursi:

‘As for the ijmaa (general agreement), it is acknowledged that the salaf are in agreement that Allah is above His ‘Arsh. No one among them had ever said that He is everywhere or that He is neither above the world nor below it, or that He is neither to the right nor to the left, or that He is neither separated from the world nor associated with it.’ (End of quote.)

The word ‘Salaf’ refers to the companions of Allah’s Messenger SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam and the Imams of guidance from the first three generations of whom the Messenger of Allah SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam testified for as to their superiority when he said: “The best of mankind is my generation (the generation of the Sahabah), then those who come after them, then those who come after them.” [Reported by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad, Al-Bukharee and Muslim]

Once again, we can confirm that View number 3 is the truth.

 

3) Now let’s move on to see this in terms of our common sense.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih Al-’Uthaymeen writes the following in his Tafseer (explanation) of Ayat Al-Kursi about View number 2:

‘This position is absolute negation because it is a description of non-existence. Some scholars said, “If we were asked to describe ‘non-existence’ we would not find a more comprehensive definition than this description [View number 2].’ (End of quote.)

He also writes: ‘If we say that, “Allah is either above the world or under it or on its right or left,” then which of these descriptions denote perfection? The answer is, “Allah is above the world,” because if he is “under it” then He would be less perfect than the created! And if He is in the same place as the created, then Allah would be equal to him in perfection. Thus it is necessitated that Allah is above everything.’ (End of quote.)

And so it becomes even more clear why View number 3 is the truth.

 

4) Finally, let’s move on to see this in terms of our own innate instinct/natural inclination (Fitrah).

Think about it! When something troubles you, or when you want to ask Allah for something do you look in all the directions or do you look towards the heavens?

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih Al-’Uthaymeen writes: ‘Each person naturally acknowledges the fact that Allah is above the heavens. That is why whenever a person supplicates to His Rabb (Allah) he/she takes refuge towards the direction of the sky (i.e. upward).’ (End of quote.)

He also writes: ‘The strange thing is that those who deny the Transcendence of Allah themselves raise their hands upward in the direction of the heavens when they invoke Allah.’ (End of quote.)

And so View number 3 is the absolute truth.

 

A common misconception

There is a common question that arises that if Allah is above His Creation, above His ‘Arsh, then why did Allah say, “We are closer to him than his jugular vein.” [Quran 50:16] Or why did He say in relation to when someone is on his deathbed that, “We are closer to him than you, but you do not see.” [Quran 56:85]

The answer to this is simple. When Allah says ‘We are closer to him’, He refers to His angels whose task it is to record people’s deeds. Those who said that it means that He is near explained it as meaning that He is near by His knowledge.

Tafsir Ibn Kathir in his explanation of the Quran says the following concerning the ayah ‘We are closer to him than his jugular vein’:

“It means His angels are nearer to man than his jugular vein.” And Ibn Kathir also says, “Allah did not say, ‘And I am closer to him than his jugular vein.’ Rather, He said, ‘And We are closer to him than his jugular vein.’ just as He said in the case of dying persons ‘But We are closer to him than you, but you do not see’ in reference to His angels (who take the souls).” (End of quote.)

The problem in understanding these Ayaat for most Muslims comes because they do not understand it like the way our Salaf understood it according to the teachings of Prophet Mohammed SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam. This is why it is very important that we interpret everything in our religion only according to the way it was taught to us and practiced by the Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi wa Sallam and not according to our own logical reasoning.

 

Where is Allah.png

 

Resources used to compile this answer:

5 Reasons Why a Muslim Should Not Celebrate Birthdays

1: The calendar system 

We are in 2016. Did the world begin 2016 years ago?  If that were true it would mean that the world started in 0001 AD. If not, then why are we in 2016?
We are in 2016 AD because we follow a calendar that was made by the religion of Christianity – currently the religion practiced by the majority of people on Earth. Now, the question is why do we need to follow the Christian calendar? Don’t we have a calendar of our own?

A Muslim knows that we have our own calendar. It’s called the Hijri calendar. And this is the calendar which we are supposed to follow. Now because of the circumstances in the world we live in today, there must be a standard calendar like the Gregorian or the Christian calendar that everyone can follow. But that should only be limited to our worldly affairs like paying rent, calculating salaries etc. We should use it keeping in mind that this is only a dharoorah (necessity) and Islam permits certain things (that are normally haram or forbidden) when there is a necessity.

So now, tell me when is your birthday? Will you now calculate your birthday according to the Christian calendar or will you see it in accordance with the Hijri calendar? Now I do not intend to mean that you start celebrating your birthday according to the Hijri date. I am just trying to begin showing you how illogical Birthdays are and outside of the concept of Islam.

2: The origin of celebrating birthdays is unknown to the majority

Now, I don’t want to waste your time elaborating this point because our friend Google can help you. There is a lot to read and watch about this out there.(1) The summary of it is that birthday celebrations – whether it be cutting cakes, lighting candles etc. have pagan origins and it is linked with false divinely beliefs that people held. Just to give you a quick example, the candles which are put on the cake have to be blown in just a single blow. If even one candle was left lighted, people used to think that the upcoming year would bring hardships for the person whose birthday is being celebrated.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:

The Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa Sallam said: Taking omens is polytheism; taking omens is polytheism. He said it three times. Every one of us has some, but Allah removes it by trust (in Him).

Grade: Saheeh (Al-Albani)
Sunan Abi Dawud 3910; 
Book 30, Hadith 7 

3: Imitation of the non-believers

If you understood the point above (which I assume you obviously did), you will be able to understand this one clearly. There are numerous ahadeeth in which the prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam prohibited imitating the non-believers. I will just mention two:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

The Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam said: He who copies any people is one of them.

Grade: Hasan Saheeh (Al-Albani)
Sunan Abi Dawud 4031; Book 34, Hadith 12

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported Allah’s Messenger sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam as saying:

You would tread the same path as was trodden by those before you inch by inch and step by step so much so that if they had entered into the hole of the lizard, you would follow them in this also. We said: Allah’s Messenger, do you mean Jews and Christians (by your words)” those before you”? He said: Who else (than those two religious groups)?

Sahih Muslim 2669 a; Book 47, Hadith 7

For guidelines regarding imitating the non-believers, please visit the following link:  https://islamqa.info/en/21694

4: Ok, so you want to thank Allah. Eh?

When asked about the reason for birthday celebrations, most of the people come up with this, “Akhee/Ukhti, I want to thank Allah for the life He gave me, that’s why I want to throw a party and thank Allah.” Hold on, hold on! Tell me is thanking Allah from the acts of worship or not? The answer is that it’s from the acts of worship. One must know that every act of worship has two conditions:

  1. Sincerity of doing it only for the sake of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala
  2. Following the Sunnah of the Prophet Sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam

If condition (1) is absent, that act of worship will become Shirk (Associating partners with Allah).
I
f condition (2) is absent, it will become a Bid’ah (Innovating in the religion of Allah).

You may be celebrating for the sake of Allahs pleasure, but are you following the Sunnah? Since celebrating birthdays doesn’t meet condition (2), it becomes an innovation which will not be accepted by Allah. If you really want to thank Allah then do what the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam taught us with regards to thanking Allah and do not innovate in this beautiful religion by practicing it according to the way you think is right.

5: Life is short. Do not forget your purpose of life!

We should actually ponder and reflect on our birthdays rather than jump around with birthday snow spray.  We should see time to be passing like a countdown timer. If a person is in his twenties, he should realize that one third of his life may be over. He should ask himself with regards to the preparation he has attained to meet Allah. “Am I ready? What have I done till now for my akhirah? What if I die now? Is Allah pleased with me?” should be the questions haunting his mind. Remember this hadeeth?

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah Sallahu Alayhi wa Sallam said:

“The ages of (the people in) my nation will be between sixty and seventy, and few of them will exceed that.”

Grade: Hasan (Darussalam)
Sunan Ibn Majah; Vol. 5, Book 37, Hadith 4326

So these were 5 reasons why a Muslim shouldn’t be involved in birthday celebrations. If you still want to persist in it, please remember the warning of Allah:

And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Muhammad SAW) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers’ way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination.”


[Al Qur’an 4:115]

Just imagine if the Prophet sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam was alive today. Would you still celebrate your birthday if you would hear the above mentioned ahadeeth from his blessed tongue (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam)?

Yeah, it’s tough to stop. Friends might start looking at you with weird expressions. Family members might think your’re becoming an extremist. But it is not impossible to stand and say that you’re going to give it up for the sake of Allah, because remember:

The Prophet SallAllahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam said:

“You will never give up a thing for the sake of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, but Allah will replace it for you with something that is better for you than it.”

 Ahmad Hadith No. 22565; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani

May Allah enable us to spend our lives in obeying Him and prevent ourselves from His disobedience. Aameen.

5 reasons why a Muslim should not celebrate brithdays

Footnotes:

(1) Click here to read about the history of birthdays.
Click here to watch a fantastic video that will tell you about the origin of birthdays.

For a scholarly response regarding the topic above, please visit: https://islamqa.info/en/1027

One of our readers asked us a brilliant question:

Good read but Reason 2 needs to be elaborated. Most people would understand what you mean to say. However, for a few that explanation wouldn’t suffice. For example, some might tell you that it is just a cake, what is so wrong about that?

We were very happy to respond to this query and you can read the answer by clicking here.

Stressed Out?

There are times when you frequently forget about things, times of frequent mood swings, times of not being able to concentrate on anything.
Instead all you want to do is just lie down doing nothing because you just cannot bear another classroom lecture, cannot bear to listen to anything that requires the scratching of the brain.
You sleep restlessly, not physically present in the environment. You do not respond to situations and prompts, are mindless, lazy to do anything, show less interest, feel irritable, forget very obvious things, go extremely high on emotions in isolation.

Do you ever feel this way? Many people have been there. You were probably ‘just’ stressed out.

Though stress isn’t always a bad thing, it can give a burst of energy when competing or when speaking in public. (1)
But when stress becomes continuous, what happens? If you face it every day and every night, what will eventually happen?

Chronic stress actually begins to change your brain. It can affect the brains size, its structure and also how it functions.

When your brain detects a stressful situation, your HPA axis (Hypothalamus Pituitary Adrenal axis – a series of interactions between endocrine glands in the brain and kidney) gets activated and releases a hormone called ‘cortisol’. (2)

High levels of cortisol can cause the part of your brain associated with learning, memory and physical stress to deteriorate and keep diminishing. That answers why you couldn’t concentrate on your academics or chores or tried hard enough but couldn’t get through, striving with extremely high levels of stress over and over again.

Extremely high levels of cortisol can literally shrink your brain in size. Too much of it results into loss of synaptic connections (nerve impulses travel via this in the brain) between neurons and affects the part of your brain that regulates concentration, decision making, judgement and interaction with the surrounding. (3) This clearly means that chronic stress can make it difficult for you to learn and remember things. This leads to some serious mental problems like depression and so on.

But in the midst of all this we forget one thing. The presence of our Creator.

Our Creator, Allah the Almighty allowed our brain to repair itself. SubhanAllah (Glory be to Allah). From among the most prominent and common ways to control stress are exercising and even better – praying with khushoo (tranquility) to connect with our Rabb, Allah.

The treasures that we hold of our belief in the Oneness of Allah and His Teachings are priceless, treasures that we cannot possibly begin to imagine.

If things don’t work out for you, it’s okay, this is just a temporary world. Everything that begins also comes to an end at its final destination. In your case it is death.
Would you really bother at your death bed about what you are crying for now? What would matter at that time? Why doesn’t it matter to you now? That’s important to understand. Catch hold of it while you still can.

Allah Subhana wa Ta’la (Glory be to Him the Most High) has the power to give everything to whom He wills and to take away from whomever He wills. Both the scenarios are a test. Usually the 1st case consists of people who take things and blessings for granted. So what if you lost your job or a person you loved or what if you couldn’t get an exam cleared? I know it’s difficult to lose someone or something you love, but at the end, everyone and everything has to leave. It was always meant to be this way.

Getting excessively stressed, crying, throbbing your temples until your nerves start to burst? Really? Are you that weak?

You will lose your brain. Are you ready for the bargain? And all this comes from ‘just’ being stressed out!

Remember to leave your matters onto Allah Subhana wa Ta’la and start believing that He will take care. Quit crying, do your job which is to make the effort; the effort to purify what lies in your heart which is the only thing that will be examined in the end.

The Day when there will not benefit [anyone] wealth or children.
Except him who brings to Allah a clean heart [clean from Shirk (polytheism) and Nifaq (hypocrisy)].

[Surah Ash-Shu’ra 26; Ayahs 88-89]

Written by Sidra Ali

Stressed Out

Footnotes:

(1) How stress affects your brain – http://ed.ted.com/on/xkIxB8xO
(2) The process of the release of cortisol, the hormone released during stress – http://www.youramazingbrain.org/brainchanges/stressbrain.htm
(3) Shrinking of the brain due to stress – http://share.upmc.com/2014/09/stress-affects-brain/

Please note:

We do not advocate any content that may be Islamically  inappropriate in the form of text, photo, audio, video etc. in the links above.
We provided the links to give you the resources we used that will also help you to get a better understanding of our article.

JazakAllahuKhairan and thank you for reading!