CategoryConveying the Ayah

The Day of grief and regrets (Quran 19:39)

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Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa`id said that the Messenger of Allah Sallahu Alayhi wa Sallam said,

When the people of Paradise enter Paradise and the people of the Hellfire enter the Hellfire, death will be brought in the form of a handsome ram and it will be placed between Paradise and the Hellfire. Then, it will be said, “O people of Paradise, do you know what this is?” Then, they will turn their gazes and look, and they will say, “Yes, this is death.”
Then, it will be said, “O people of the Hell fire, do you know what this is?” Then, they will turn their gazes and look, and they will say, “Yes, this is death.” Then, the order will be given for it to be slaughtered and it will be said, “O people of Paradise, eternity and no more death, O people of Hellfire, eternity and no more death.”

Then the Messenger of Allah recited this Ayah: “And warn them of the Day of grief and regret, when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not.”

Then, the Messenger of Allah made a gesture with his hand and said, “The people of this life are in the state of heedlessness of this life.”

(Thus recorded Imam Ahmad and it was also recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim in their Sahihs with wording similar to this.)

It is reported from Abdullah bin Mas`ud that he mentioned a story in which he said,
“There is not a soul except that it will see a residence in Paradise and a residence in the Hellfire, and this will be the Day of distress. So the people of the Hellfire will see the residence that Allah prepared for them if they had believed. Then, it will be said to them, “If you had believed and worked righteous deeds, you would have had this, which you see in Paradise.” Then, they will be overcome with distress and grief. Likewise, the people of Paradise will see the residence that is in the Hellfire and it will be said to them, “If Allah had not bestowed His favor upon you (this would have been your place).”

The Words of Allah (Quran 18:109)

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Allah says that even if those oceans were ink for the Words of Allah, and all the trees were pens, the pens would be broken and the water of the sea would run dry, and the Words of Allah would remain, for nothing can outlast them. For no one can comprehend the greatness of Allah or praise Him as He deserves to be praised, except the One Who praises Himself. Our Lord is as He says He is and He is beyond what we can say. The blessings of this world, the beginning and end of it, in comparison to the blessings of the Hereafter, are like a mustard seed compared to the entire world.

Ar-Rabi` bin Anas said, “The parable of the knowledge of all of mankind, in comparison to the knowledge of Allah, is that of a drop of water in comparison to all of the oceans.”

[ Taken from the book Tafsir Ibn Kathir ]

Your Rabb, your parents and you ( Quran 17:23-24 )

Your Rabb , your parents and you

 

Allah says: And your Lord has Qada (decreed) that you worship none but Him.  

Allah commands us to worship Him alone, with no partner or associate.

The word Qada (normally having the meaning of decree) here means “commanded”.

 

The idea of worshipping Allah is connected to the idea of honoring one’s parents.

 

Allah says: And that you be dutiful to your parents.  

 

Here He commands good treatment of parents, as He says elsewhere:

Give thanks to Me and to your parents. Unto Me is the final destination. (31:14)

 

Then Allah says: If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect,

means, do not let them hear anything offensive from you, not even say “Uff!” which is the mildest word of disrespect,

 

and do not reprimand them,

means, do not do anything horrible to them.

Ata’ bin Rabah said that it meant, “Do not raise your hand against them.’‘ When Allah forbids speaking and behaving in an obnoxious manner, He commands speaking and behaving in a good manner, so He says:

 

but address them in terms of honor.

meaning gently, kindly, politely, and with respect and appreciation.

 

And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy,

means, be humble towards them in your actions.

 

and say: “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young.”

(Ibn Abbas said: “But then Allah revealed: It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allah’s forgiveness for the idolators. ..” (9:13))

 

Hadith on honoring ones parents:

There are many Hadiths which speak about honoring one’s parents, such as:

 

1) The Hadith narrated through a number of chains of narration from Anas and others, which states that the Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam climbed up on the Minbar, and then said:

“Amin, Amin, Amin.”

It was said, “O Messenger of Allah, why did you say Amin?”

He said: “Jibril came to me and said,

• “O Muhammad, he is doomed who hears you mentioned and does not say Salla upon you.” He said, “Say Amin,” so I said Amin.

Then he said,

• “He is doomed who sees the month of Ramadan come and go, and he has not been forgiven.” He said, “Say Amin,” so I said Amin.

Then he said,

• “He is doomed who grows up and both his parents or one of them are still alive, and they do not cause him to enter Paradise.” He said, “Say Amin,” so I said Amin.”

 

2) Imam Ahmad reported from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said:

“He is doomed, he is doomed, he is doomed, the man whose parents, one or both of them, reach old age while he is alive and he does not enter Paradise.”

This version is Sahih although no one recorded it other than Muslim.

 

3) Imam Ahmad recorded Mu`awiyah bin Jahimah As-Salami saying that Jahimah came to the Prophet and said:

“O Messenger of Allah, I want to go out to fight and I have come to seek your advice.”

The Prophet Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam said,

“Do you have a mother?”

He said, “Yes.”

The Prophet said,

“Then stay with her, for Paradise is at her feet.”

Similar incidents were also recorded by others. This was recorded by An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah.

 

4) Ahmad recorded that a man from Banu Yarbu said:  “I came to the Prophet while he was talking to the people, and I heard him saying,

“The hand of the one who gives is superior.

• (Give to) your mother and your father,

• your sister and your brother,

• then the closest and next closest.”

 

[ Entirely taken from the book ‘Tafsir Ibn Kathir’ ]

Rise ( Quran 3:104 )

Rise

 

Allah said: Let there arise out of you a group of people, inviting to all that is good (Islam), enjoining Al-Ma`ruf (all that Islam orders) and forbidding Al-Munkar (all that Islam has forbidden).

that calls to righteousness, enjoins all that is good and forbids evil in the manner Allah commanded.  

And it is they who are the successful.

 

The objective of this Ayah is that there should be a segment of this Muslim Ummah fulfilling this task, even though it is also an obligation on every member of this Ummah, each according to his ability.

 

Muslim recorded that Abu Hurayrah said that the Messenger of Allah said:

“Whoever among you witnesses an evil,

  • let him change it with his hand.
  • If he is unable, then let him change it with his tongue.
  • If he is unable, then let him change it with his heart, and this is the weakest faith. In another narration, (The Prophet said, There is no faith beyond that, not even the weight of a mustard seed.)”

 

Imam Ahmad recorded that Hudhayfah bin Al-Yaman said that the Prophet said,

“By He in Whose Hand is my soul! You will enjoin righteousness and forbid evil, or Allah shall send down a punishment from Him to you. Then, you will supplicate to Him, but He will not accept your supplication.

At-Tirmidhi also collected this Hadith and said, “Hasan”.

 

[ Entirely taken from the book ‘Tafsir Ibn Kathir’ ]

With humility and in secrecy ( Quran 7:55 )

With humility and in secrecy

 

Allah commands His servants to supplicate to Him, for this will ensure their welfare in this life and the Hereafter.

 

Allah said,  Invoke your Lord Tadarru`an and Khufyah, meaning in humbleness and humility.

 

It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari said:

“The people raised their voices with supplications but the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam said:

“O people! Take it easy on yourselves. Verily, you are not calling one who is deaf or absent, rather, the One you are calling is All-Hearer, Near (to His servants by His knowledge).”

 

Ibn Jarir said that Tadarru`an means obeying Him in humility and humbleness,  and Khufyah, with the humbleness in your hearts and certainty of His Oneness and Lordship not supplicating loudly to show off.

 

Allah’s statement: He likes not the aggressors.

 

Abu Mijlaz commented on- He likes not the aggressors:

“Such (aggression) as asking to reach the grade of the Prophets.”

 

Imam Ahmad narrated that Abu Ni`amah said that Abdullah bin Mughaffal heard his son supplicating, “O Allah! I ask you for the white castle on the right side of Paradise, if I enter it.”

So Abdullah said,

“O my son! Ask Allah for Paradise and seek refuge with Him from the Fire, for I heard the Messenger of Allah saying, ‘There will come some people who transgress in supplication and purification.‘ ”

Ibn Majah and Abu Dawud recorded this Hadith with a good chain that there is no harm in, and Allah knows best.

 

[ Entirely taken from the book ‘Tafsir Ibn Kathir’ ]

The Diversion before Death ( Quran 102:1-2 )

The diversion before death

 

Allah Says: The mutual increase diverts you, Until you visit the graves.

Allah says that all are preoccupied by love of the world, its delights and its adornments, and this distracts you from seeking the Hereafter and desiring it.

This delays you until death comes to you and you visit the graves, thus becoming its inhabitants.

 

Imam Ahmad recorded from Abdullah bin Ash-Shikhkhir that he said,  “I came to the Messenger of Allah while he was saying,

“The mutual increase diverts you.”

He was referring to the Hadith in which the Prophet said:

“If the Son of Adam had a valley of gold, he would desire another like it...”

 

Muslim recorded in his Sahih from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam said:

“The servant says – ‘My wealth, my wealth.’

Yet he only gets three (benefits) from his wealth:  –

1) that which he eats and finishes,

2) that which he wears until it is worn out,

3) or that which he gives in charity and it is spent.

Everything else other than that will go away and leave him for the people.”

Muslim was alone in recording this Hadith.

 

Al-Bukhari recorded from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah said:

Three things follow the deceased person, and two of them return while one remains behind with him.

The things which follow him are his family, his wealth and his deeds.

His family and his wealth return while his deeds remain.

This Hadith has also been recorded by Muslim, At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i.

 

[ Entirely taken from the book ‘Tafsir Ibn Kathir’ ]

The Meeting (Quran 18:110)

 

The Meeting

 

Allah says to His Messenger Muhammad,  Say, to  these idolators who  reject  your message to them:

I am only a man like you. Whoever claims that I am lying, let him bring something like this that I have brought. For I did not know the Unseen, the matters of the past which you asked me about and I told you about, the story of the people of the Cave and of Dhul-Qarnayn, stories which are true — I did not know any of this except for what Allah made known to me.

And I tell you, It has been revealed to me, that your God, Who calls you to worship Him, is One God, with no partner or associate.

So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord,  i.e., hopes for a good reward and recompense, let him work righteousness,  meaning, in accordance with the prescribed laws of Allahand associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.

This is what is meant by seeking the pleasure of Allah alone with no associate or partner.

 

The two conditions for the acceptability of any Deed:

These are the two basic features of acceptable deeds:

1) Their intent is for the sake of Allah alone, and

2) are done in accordance with the way of the Messenger of Allah.

Imam Ahmad recorded that Mahmud bin Labid said that the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam said:

“What I fear the most for you is the small shirk“.  

They said: “What is the small Shirk, O Messenger of Allah!”  

He said:

Showing off (Ar-Riya’). Allah will say on the Day of Resurrection, when the people are rewarded or punished for their deeds, “Go to the one for whom you were showing off in the world and see if you will find any reward with him.”

 

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa`id bin Abi Fadalah Al-Ansari, who was one of the Companions, said:  “I heard the Messenger of Allah say:

“Allah  will  gather  the  first  and  the last  on  the  Day of  Resurrection,  the Day  concerning  which  there is  no doubt.  A  voice  will  call  out:

Whoever  used to  associate anyone with  Allah  in  the  deeds which he did,  let  him  seek  his reward  from someone other  than Allah,  for  Allah is  the  least  in need  of any  partner or  associate.

It  was  also  recorded  by  At-Tirmidhi and  Ibn Majah.

 

[ Entirely taken from the book ‘Tafsir Ibn Kathir’ ]

Spending that which you love most (Quran 3:92)

Spending that which you love most

 

Allah says: By no means shall you attain Al-Birr, unless you spend of that which you love; and whatever of good you spend, Allah knows it well.

In his Tafsir, Waki reported, that `Amr bin Maymun said that By no means shall you attain Al-Birr’ is in reference to attaining Paradise.

 

The Story of the garden of Abu Talha RadhiAllahu Anhu

Imam Ahmad reported that Anas bin Malik said:

Abu Talhah had more property than any other among the Ansar in Al-Madinah, and the most beloved of his property to him was Bayruha’ garden, which was in front of the Messenger’s Masjid.

Sometimes, Allah’s Messenger Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam used to go to the garden and drink its fresh water.

When these verses were revealed: ‘By no means shall you attain Al-Birr unless You spend of that which you love’,  Abu Talha RadhiAllahu Anhu said:

“O Allah’s Messenger! Allah says: ‘By no means shall you attain Al-Birr, unless you spend of that which you love’. No doubt, Bayruha’ garden is the most beloved of all my property to me. So I want to give it in charity in Allah’s cause, and I expect its reward and compensation from Allah. O Allah’s Messenger! Spend it where Allah makes you think is feasible.”

On that, Allah’s Messenger Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam said:

“Well-done! It is profitable property, it is profitable property. I have heard what you have said, and I think it would be proper if you gave it to your kith and kin.”

Abu Talhah said:

“I will do so, O Allah’s Messenger.”

Then Abu Talhah distributed that garden among his relatives and cousins.

This Hadith was recorded in the Two Sahihs.

 

[ Entirely taken from the book ‘Tafsir Ibn Kathir’ ]

Guard your prayers (Quran 2:238)

Guard your prayers

 

Allah says: Guard strictly (five obligatory) As-Salawat (the prayers) especially the Middle Salah. And stand before Allah with obedience.  

 

Allah commands that the prayer should be performed properly and on time.  

 

It is reported in the Two Sahihs that Ibn Mas`ud said, “I asked the Prophet, `Which deed is the dearest (to Allah)?

He replied: “To offer the prayers at their fixed times.

I asked,`What is the next (in goodness)?’

He replied:  “To participate in Jihad (religious fighting) in Allah’s cause.”

I again asked, `What is the next (in goodness)?’

He replied:”To  be  good  and dutiful to  your  parents.”

Abdullah  then  added, “The Prophet told  me  these  words,  and  had  I asked  more, the  Prophet  would have  told  me more.”

 

Furthermore,  Allah  has specifically mentioned  the  Middle prayer, which is  the  Asr  prayer according  to  the majority  of  the scholars  among  the Companions, as  At-Tirmidhi  and  Al Baghawi have  stated.

Allah’s Messenger emphasized the necessity of preserving the Asr prayer, when he said, as Ibn Umar narrated:

“Whoever misses the Asr prayer will be like who has lost his family and money.”

It is reported in the Sahih that Buraydah bin Al-Husayb said that the Prophet said:

“On a cloudy day, perform the (Asr) prayer early, for whoever misses the Asr prayer, will have his (good) deeds annulled.”

 

Allah said:  And stand before Allah with obedience.  

 

Meaning, with humbleness and humility before Him (i.e., during the prayer).

This command indicates that it is not allowed to speak during the prayer, as speaking contradicts the nature of the prayer.

This is why the Prophet refused to answer Ibn Mas`ud when he greeted him while he was praying and said afterwards: “The prayer makes one sufficiently busy. i.e., by the various actions of the body, tongue and heart involved during the prayer.

Muslim reported that the Prophet said to Muawiyah bin Hakam As-Sulami when he spoke during the prayer: The ordinary speech people indulge in is not appropriate during the prayer. The prayer involves only Tasbih (praising Allah), Takbir (saying Allahu Akbar, i.e., Allah is the Most Great) and remembering Allah.

 

[Entirely taken from the book Tafsir Ibn Kathir]