With humility and in secrecy

 

Allah commands His servants to supplicate to Him, for this will ensure their welfare in this life and the Hereafter.

 

Allah said,  Invoke your Lord Tadarru`an and Khufyah, meaning in humbleness and humility.

 

It is recorded in the Two Sahihs that Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari said:

“The people raised their voices with supplications but the Messenger of Allah Sallalahu Alayhi wa sallam said:

“O people! Take it easy on yourselves. Verily, you are not calling one who is deaf or absent, rather, the One you are calling is All-Hearer, Near (to His servants by His knowledge).”

 

Ibn Jarir said that Tadarru`an means obeying Him in humility and humbleness,  and Khufyah, with the humbleness in your hearts and certainty of His Oneness and Lordship not supplicating loudly to show off.

 

Allah’s statement: He likes not the aggressors.

 

Abu Mijlaz commented on- He likes not the aggressors:

“Such (aggression) as asking to reach the grade of the Prophets.”

 

Imam Ahmad narrated that Abu Ni`amah said that Abdullah bin Mughaffal heard his son supplicating, “O Allah! I ask you for the white castle on the right side of Paradise, if I enter it.”

So Abdullah said,

“O my son! Ask Allah for Paradise and seek refuge with Him from the Fire, for I heard the Messenger of Allah saying, ‘There will come some people who transgress in supplication and purification.‘ ”

Ibn Majah and Abu Dawud recorded this Hadith with a good chain that there is no harm in, and Allah knows best.

 

[ Entirely taken from the book ‘Tafsir Ibn Kathir’ ]